Night Earth

Madaba, Jordan

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Madaba is a historic city located in Jordan, about 30 kilometers southwest of the capital, Amman. The city is famous for its ancient mosaic map of the Holy Land, which is considered one of the oldest surviving maps of the region. With a population of approximately 85,000 people, Madaba is a bustling city that offers a rich cultural experience for visitors.

The city of Madaba is not immune to the effects of light pollution. Light pollution refers to the excessive and misdirected artificial light that has negative impacts on the environment, wildlife, and human health. In the case of Madaba, the main sources of light pollution are the streetlights, commercial buildings, and residential homes.

The most significant impact of light pollution in Madaba is the obscuring of the night sky. The city's night sky is characterized by a haze of artificial light that makes it difficult to see the stars and planets. This is a concern not only for astronomers but also for the people of Madaba who are deprived of the opportunity to enjoy the natural beauty of the night sky.

One of the main contributing factors to light pollution in Madaba is the growing urbanization of the city. As the population of the city continues to grow, more homes and commercial buildings are being constructed, which means more lighting is being installed. Additionally, many residents of Madaba have developed habits of leaving their lights on throughout the night, contributing to light pollution.

The city of Madaba is home to several significant landmarks that are affected by light pollution. One such landmark is the ancient mosaic map of the Holy Land. The mosaic is located in the apse of the Greek Orthodox Church of St. George and is considered one of the most important works of art in the world. The church is illuminated by several lights, which contribute to light pollution in the area.

Another landmark affected by light pollution in Madaba is the Roman Catholic Church of St. John the Baptist. The church is located on top of a hill and is illuminated by several bright lights that shine into the night sky. The lights not only detract from the natural beauty of the night sky but also have negative impacts on wildlife in the area.

The amount of light pollution in Madaba can be estimated using the Bortle Dark-Sky Scale, which ranges from 1 (completely dark skies) to 9 (heavily light-polluted skies). Based on this scale, Madaba is classified as a level 5, which means that the sky is moderately affected by light pollution.

To combat light pollution in Madaba, there are several steps that can be taken. For example, the city could introduce regulations that limit the amount of lighting that can be used in commercial and residential buildings. Additionally, the city could encourage residents to switch to energy-efficient lighting options that emit less light pollution.

Light pollution is a growing concern in the city of Madaba, Jordan. The increasing urbanization of the city, combined with the habits of the people living there, has contributed to the proliferation of artificial light that obscures the night sky. To preserve the natural beauty of the night sky and minimize the negative impacts of light pollution, steps need to be taken to limit the amount of artificial lighting used in the city.