Night Earth

Kangundo, Machakos, Kenya

Kangundo is a small town located in the Machakos County of Kenya. The town is situated about 70 kilometers east of Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya. The population of Kangundo is estimated to be around 44,000 people, according to the 2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census. The town is mostly made up of small businesses and farming activities.

In recent years, the issue of light pollution has become a concern for Kangundo residents. The town is located in an area with very little artificial lighting and is surrounded by hills and forests. However, due to the growth of the town, the number of streetlights and buildings with bright lights has increased, leading to light pollution.

The main cause of light pollution in Kangundo is the lack of proper lighting fixtures. Most buildings and streets use high-intensity discharge (HID) lamps which emit bright light in all directions, causing glare and light pollution. Additionally, the lack of proper shielding and fixtures means that the lights are not directed downwards, leading to light being wasted upwards into the sky.

Kangundo has a relatively low level of light pollution compared to major cities, with a measured sky brightness of around 20.5 magnitudes per square arcsecond. However, the increased urbanization and development of the town are leading to an increase in light pollution levels.

One of the most notable landmarks in Kangundo is the Kangundo Level 4 Hospital, which provides medical services to the town and the surrounding areas. The hospital is located on the outskirts of the town and has bright lights that are visible from miles away. The hospital's lights contribute significantly to the light pollution in Kangundo.

The habits of the people living in Kangundo also contribute to the light pollution. Many businesses and homes leave their lights on throughout the night, even when they are not in use. Additionally, the lack of awareness about the negative effects of light pollution means that many people do not see it as a significant issue.

The main industry in Kangundo is farming, with most of the residents engaging in small-scale agriculture. The farms are mainly located outside the town, and the use of bright lights to deter predators or increase crop yield has led to an increase in light pollution.

To address the issue of light pollution in Kangundo, there is a need for education and awareness campaigns to inform residents about the negative effects of light pollution. Additionally, the installation of proper lighting fixtures and shielding can reduce light pollution levels. The use of energy-efficient lighting solutions such as light-emitting diodes (LEDs) can also reduce the amount of energy wasted and reduce light pollution.

Kangundo is a small town located in the Machakos County of Kenya with a population of around 44,000 people. The town is mostly made up of small businesses and farming activities. The main cause of light pollution in Kangundo is the lack of proper lighting fixtures, and the habits of the people living there also contribute to the problem. The town has a relatively low level of light pollution compared to major cities, but the increased urbanization and development of the town are leading to an increase in light pollution levels. Addressing the issue of light pollution in Kangundo requires education and awareness campaigns, the installation of proper lighting fixtures and shielding, and the use of energy-efficient lighting solutions such as LEDs.