Baran is a city located in the Indian state of Rajasthan, with a population of approximately 130,000 inhabitants. It is situated in the southeastern region of Rajasthan and is known for its night lights that illuminate the city, making it visible from afar. The city is home to a variety of landmarks, including the Kherliganj Mandir, the Shergarh Fort, and the Magarana Ki Chhatri, which attract a large number of tourists.
However, the night lights of Baran come at a cost: light pollution. Light pollution is a term used to describe the excessive and artificial lighting that brightens the night sky, thereby hindering the observation of stars and other celestial objects. In Baran, this pollution is primarily caused by street lighting, as well as lights from commercial and industrial establishments.
The level of light pollution in Baran is estimated to be moderate to high, with some areas experiencing significant brightness throughout the night. This can have a negative impact on the environment, affecting nocturnal animals and disrupting their natural rhythms. It can also impact human health by interfering with sleep patterns, and can have a negative effect on astronomy and astrophotography.
The cause of the high levels of light pollution in Baran can be attributed to a number of factors. Firstly, the city has a large number of commercial establishments and industries that require artificial lighting throughout the night. Additionally, the city's population has grown rapidly in recent years, leading to an increase in the number of households and consequently, street lighting.
Another factor that contributes to light pollution in Baran is the habits of the people living there. Many households keep their lights on throughout the night, even when not needed, leading to unnecessary light pollution. Furthermore, there is a lack of awareness and education on the impacts of light pollution, leading to a lack of interest in addressing the issue.
The city of Baran is home to a number of landmarks that contribute to its unique character. The Kherliganj Mandir is a popular religious site, attracting visitors from all over the country. The Shergarh Fort is another popular destination, known for its historical significance and architectural beauty. The Magarana Ki Chhatri is a monument dedicated to the memory of the late Maharana Bhupal Singh, and is also a popular tourist spot.
In terms of industry, Baran is known for its agricultural production, with crops such as wheat, barley, and mustard being grown in the region. The city also has a number of small-scale industries, such as textiles, pottery, and handicrafts. Additionally, the city is home to a number of educational institutions, including a university and a number of colleges.
Overall, Baran is a city with a unique character and rich cultural heritage. However, the high levels of light pollution in the city are a cause for concern, and efforts should be made to reduce this pollution to protect the environment and promote sustainable development. Education and awareness campaigns can help to raise awareness about the issue, and measures such as the installation of energy-efficient lighting systems can be implemented to reduce the impact of light pollution on the environment.