Night Earth

Bansberia, West Bengal, India

Bansberia is a small town located in the Hooghly district of the Indian state of West Bengal. It is situated on the western bank of the Hooghly River, about 45 km north of Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal. The town is known for its historical significance, as it was once the capital of the independent state of Bengal in the 18th century. Today, it is a bustling town with a population of approximately 60,000 people.

One of the most striking features of Bansberia is its night lights. The town is well lit throughout the night, with streetlights, homes, shops, and other establishments all contributing to the illumination. The night lights of Bansberia are not only visually appealing but also an indicator of the level of development and prosperity of the town. However, this level of illumination comes at a cost, as it also leads to light pollution.

Light pollution is a phenomenon that occurs when artificial light interferes with the natural darkness of the night sky. This can have several negative impacts on the environment, including disrupting wildlife, affecting human health, and wasting energy. In Bansberia, the level of light pollution is moderate, with some areas being more affected than others. The primary source of light pollution in the town is street lighting, which is often left on throughout the night.

The level of light pollution in Bansberia is influenced by several factors, including the town's location, population density, and industrial activities. The town is situated on the banks of the Hooghly River, which is a major transportation route for goods and people. The river provides a natural barrier against the spread of light pollution, as the light from the town does not reach the other side of the river. However, the densely populated areas of the town, such as the marketplaces and residential areas, contribute significantly to the level of light pollution.

The people of Bansberia have several habits that also contribute to the level of light pollution in the town. For example, many residents leave their lights on throughout the night, even when they are not using them. This is often due to the fear of theft or burglary, as well as a lack of awareness about the impact of light pollution. In addition, the town has several festivals and events throughout the year, which involve lighting up the town and its landmarks with colorful lights. While these events are a source of joy and celebration for the residents, they also contribute to the level of light pollution in the town.

Bansberia is also home to several industries, including manufacturing, textiles, and agriculture. These industries contribute to the level of light pollution in the town, as they often require large amounts of artificial lighting to operate. However, the town has taken several steps to reduce the impact of light pollution, such as using energy-efficient lighting and reducing the number of streetlights in certain areas.

Despite the level of light pollution, Bansberia remains a beautiful and vibrant town. It is home to several notable landmarks, including the Bansberia Temple Complex, which features several historic temples and a museum. The town also has a rich cultural heritage, with several traditional crafts and art forms still practiced by the residents. The marketplaces of Bansberia are also a popular destination for tourists, offering a wide variety of local goods and delicacies.