Night Earth

Bani Mazar, Minya, Egypt

Bani Mazar is a city located in the Minya Governorate of Egypt. It is situated approximately 230 kilometers south of Cairo and has an estimated population of 188,939 people. The city is known for its vibrant culture and beautiful landmarks, but it is also infamous for its high levels of light pollution, which has a significant impact on the environment and the inhabitants of the city.

One of the main causes of light pollution in Bani Mazar is the excessive use of outdoor lighting in public spaces and residential areas. Many street lights and building facades remain illuminated throughout the night, creating a bright and artificial glow that can be seen from miles away. This type of light pollution is known as "skyglow" and can have a range of negative effects on the environment, including disrupting natural ecosystems, harming wildlife, and interfering with astronomical observations.

In addition to skyglow, Bani Mazar also experiences "glare" and "light trespass" from poorly designed outdoor lighting fixtures. Glare occurs when bright lights are directed in a way that creates discomfort or visual impairment for pedestrians and drivers, while light trespass occurs when outdoor lighting spills onto adjacent properties and interferes with the privacy and comfort of residents.

The impact of light pollution on the environment and human health has become an increasingly important issue in recent years, and many cities around the world are taking steps to reduce their light pollution levels. In Bani Mazar, there is a growing awareness of the negative effects of light pollution, and there have been efforts to implement more sustainable and efficient lighting systems in public areas.

Despite these efforts, however, the level of light pollution in Bani Mazar remains high. According to a study conducted by the Light Pollution Science and Technology Institute, the city has an estimated sky brightness level of 21.12 mag/arcsec², which is considered to be a severe level of light pollution. This level of light pollution is not only harmful to the environment but also affects the quality of life of the inhabitants of the city.

Despite the high levels of light pollution, Bani Mazar is still a vibrant and culturally rich city. It is home to many famous landmarks, including the Bani Mazar Museum and the Al-Madrasah Al-Shazliyya Mosque, which is one of the oldest mosques in Egypt. The city also has a bustling market district, where locals and tourists alike can shop for traditional handicrafts and delicious street food.

The inhabitants of Bani Mazar are known for their hospitality and friendliness, and they are proud of their rich cultural heritage. The city is predominantly Muslim, and the call to prayer can be heard throughout the day. The local economy is largely based on agriculture, with crops such as cotton, wheat, and sugar cane being grown in the surrounding areas.

Bani Mazar is a vibrant and culturally rich city located in the Minya Governorate of Egypt. While it is known for its beautiful landmarks and friendly inhabitants, it is also plagued by high levels of light pollution, which have a negative impact on the environment and the quality of life of the city's inhabitants. While there have been efforts to reduce light pollution in the city, much more needs to be done to address this pressing issue.