Night Earth

Bandjarmasin, South Kalimantan, Indonesia

Bandjarmasin is a city located in South Kalimantan, Indonesia, known for its scenic rivers and vibrant culture. As of 2021, it is estimated to have a population of approximately 714,000 people. The city is characterized by a tropical climate, with high temperatures throughout the year, and heavy rainfall during the monsoon season.

One of the most striking features of Bandjarmasin is its night lights, which illuminate the city skyline in a way that is both breathtaking and, unfortunately, indicative of light pollution. Light pollution occurs when excessive artificial lighting is present in the environment, leading to a disruption of natural rhythms and negative effects on wildlife, human health, and the overall environment.

The sources of light pollution in Bandjarmasin are varied, ranging from streetlights to commercial buildings, homes, and industrial areas. However, the most significant contributor to the city's light pollution is likely the oil and gas industry. Bandjarmasin is situated in the heart of the Indonesian oil and gas industry, with many oil rigs and refineries located in the surrounding areas. As a result, the city's night sky is often dominated by the bright, artificial light emanating from these facilities.

Despite the presence of light pollution, Bandjarmasin remains a vibrant and lively city, with many landmarks and cultural traditions that are well worth exploring. One of the most famous landmarks in the city is the Martapura River, which flows through the center of Bandjarmasin and is lined with colorful houses and shops. The river is a hub of activity, with boats ferrying passengers back and forth and locals selling goods and food on the riverbanks.

Another popular attraction in Bandjarmasin is the floating market, where vendors sell fresh produce and other goods from boats on the river. The market is open early in the morning and is a great place to experience the local culture and cuisine.

Despite the city's growing industrialization, traditional crafts and culture remain an important part of daily life in Bandjarmasin. The city is renowned for its traditional hand-woven textiles, known as songket, which are made using intricate techniques and colorful designs. Visitors can often see artisans weaving songket in traditional workshops throughout the city.

In terms of habits of the people living in Bandjarmasin, the city is a bustling hub of activity, with many residents engaging in trade and commerce. It is not uncommon to see street vendors and small business owners working late into the night, contributing to the city's overall light pollution levels. However, the people of Bandjarmasin are also deeply connected to their traditional culture and values, and many local residents participate in community events and festivals throughout the year.

Bandjarmasin is a vibrant and bustling city in South Kalimantan, Indonesia, known for its rich cultural heritage, scenic rivers, and vibrant nightlife. While the city's night lights are undoubtedly impressive, they are also indicative of the growing problem of light pollution, which has negative effects on the environment and human health. Despite these challenges, Bandjarmasin remains a city of great beauty and cultural significance, and a must-visit destination for anyone interested in exploring the unique traditions and customs of Indonesia.