Babol is a city in Mazandaran province, located in the north of Iran. It is situated 20 kilometers south of the Caspian Sea and is surrounded by the Alborz Mountains. The city is known for its rich history, scenic beauty, and vibrant culture. However, the growing problem of light pollution has been a concern for the residents of Babol.
The city of Babol has an estimated population of over 250,000 people, which makes it the fourth largest city in Mazandaran province. The city has a diverse economy, with agriculture, textiles, and tourism being the major industries. The city is also home to several universities, which attract students from all over the country.
One of the factors that contribute to the light pollution in Babol is the urbanization of the city. The city has experienced significant growth in recent years, with new residential and commercial buildings being constructed. The increased use of outdoor lighting in these buildings is one of the major contributors to the light pollution in the city.
Another factor that contributes to the light pollution in Babol is the use of streetlights. The city has a vast network of streetlights, which are necessary for the safety and security of the residents. However, many of these streetlights are poorly designed, and they emit light in all directions, contributing to light pollution.
Babol is also home to several landmarks that are lit up at night, such as the Babol castle, which is a major tourist attraction. The castle is located in the heart of the city and is illuminated at night, contributing to the light pollution in the area. The Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, a prominent university in the region, is also located in the city and is illuminated at night, contributing to the light pollution.
The habits of the people living in Babol also contribute to the light pollution. Many residents leave their outdoor lights on throughout the night, even when they are not needed. The use of high-intensity lights in gardens and outdoor spaces is also common in the city.
The light pollution in Babol has a significant impact on the environment and human health. The bright lights disrupt the natural cycles of wildlife and plants, and the excessive light can cause sleep disturbance, anxiety, and other health problems in humans.
According to the data collected by the International Dark-Sky Association, Babol has a light pollution level of 15.5 mag/arcsec². This level of light pollution is considered moderate, but it still has a significant impact on the environment and human health.
Babol is a city with a rich history and culture, but it is also facing the growing problem of light pollution. The factors contributing to the light pollution include the urbanization of the city, the use of streetlights, landmarks, and the habits of the people living in Babol. The light pollution in Babol has a significant impact on the environment and human health, and measures must be taken to reduce the light pollution in the city. This can be achieved by using more efficient lighting systems, turning off unnecessary lights, and promoting awareness among the residents of Babol.