Awassa is a city located in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region (SNNPR) of Ethiopia. With an estimated population of over 400,000 people, Awassa is the capital of the Sidama Zone, which is one of the largest zones in the region. The city is located on the shores of Lake Awassa and is a major center for trade, industry, and agriculture in the region.
At night, Awassa is illuminated by a variety of sources, including streetlights, commercial lighting, and residential lighting. The light pollution in the city is significant, and it can be seen from miles away. The amount of light pollution in Awassa is estimated to be moderate to high, due to the city's size and population density.
One of the main sources of light pollution in Awassa is street lighting. The city has a network of streets that are lit up throughout the night. The streetlights are powered by electricity, which is generated by hydroelectric power plants in the region. In addition to streetlights, commercial buildings in Awassa also contribute to the city's light pollution. These buildings are typically brightly lit at night to attract customers and create a welcoming atmosphere.
Another factor that contributes to light pollution in Awassa is the use of outdoor lighting in residential areas. Many homes in the city are equipped with outdoor lighting, which is often left on throughout the night. This can contribute to light pollution, as the light spills over into neighboring areas.
Despite the significant light pollution in Awassa, there are still several areas in the city where residents can enjoy a relatively dark night sky. For example, the outskirts of the city are less developed and have fewer sources of artificial light. Additionally, Lake Awassa provides a natural buffer zone, which helps to reduce the amount of light pollution in the area.
Awassa is known for its vibrant nightlife, and there are several popular bars and clubs in the city. These establishments are often brightly lit and can contribute to the city's overall light pollution. However, they also play an important role in the local economy and provide entertainment for both residents and tourists.
In terms of landmarks, Awassa is home to several notable sites, including the Hawassa Industrial Park, which is one of the largest industrial parks in Africa. The park is home to several factories and employs thousands of people in the region. Other landmarks in Awassa include the Fish Market, which is a popular destination for tourists and locals alike, and the Hawassa University, which is one of the largest universities in the country.
The people of Awassa are known for their hospitality and friendliness. The city is home to a diverse population, with Sidama people being the largest ethnic group. The Sidama people have a rich cultural heritage and are known for their coffee, which is grown in the surrounding areas. The city is also home to several other ethnic groups, including the Oromo and Amhara.
In terms of industry, Awassa is a major center for textile manufacturing, with several large factories located in the city. The city also has a thriving agricultural sector, with coffee, fruits, and vegetables being the primary crops grown in the area. Fishing is also an important industry in Awassa, with Lake Awassa providing a source of livelihood for many residents.