Asansol is a city located in the Bardhaman district of West Bengal, India. It is the second-largest city in West Bengal after Kolkata, with an estimated population of 1.5 million people. Asansol is a rapidly growing industrial city that has undergone significant development in the past few decades. It is known for its coal mining industry and is also a hub for the production of iron and steel.
At night, Asansol is a city that is bathed in artificial light. The city is dotted with streetlights, billboards, and neon signs that contribute to the overall brightness of the city. The most prominent sources of light pollution in Asansol are its industrial complexes, including the Burnpur Steel Plant and the Chittaranjan Locomotive Works. The intense light produced by these factories creates a halo effect that can be seen from several kilometers away.
Asansol is also home to several prominent landmarks that contribute to its night lights. One such landmark is the Kalyaneshwari Temple, which is lit up brightly at night, making it a popular destination for both locals and tourists. The Maithon Dam, located a few kilometers away from the city, is another popular attraction that is illuminated at night. The dam's lights create a beautiful reflection in the water, making it a popular spot for evening walks.
Despite the beauty of Asansol's night lights, the city's high levels of light pollution are a cause for concern. The city's industrial growth has led to an increase in artificial light, which has disrupted the natural rhythms of wildlife and affected the visibility of the night sky. In recent years, several initiatives have been taken by local authorities to address this issue. For example, efforts have been made to replace traditional streetlights with LED lights that are more energy-efficient and emit less light pollution.
The habits of the people living in Asansol also contribute to the city's light pollution. Many residents of the city leave their lights on throughout the night, even when they are not using them. This wasteful use of energy not only contributes to light pollution but also increases the city's carbon footprint.
According to recent estimates, Asansol has a light pollution index of 67.98, which puts it in the category of moderate light pollution. While this is not as severe as the light pollution levels in some other Indian cities, it is still a cause for concern.
Asansol is a rapidly growing industrial city that is known for its coal mining and iron and steel production. At night, the city is bathed in artificial light from streetlights, billboards, and industrial complexes. The city's high levels of light pollution are a cause for concern, as they disrupt the natural rhythms of wildlife and affect the visibility of the night sky. While efforts are being made to address this issue, it is important for residents to be mindful of their energy use and to take steps to reduce their environmental impact.