Night Earth

Arnhem, Gelderland, Netherlands

Arnhem is a city located in the province of Gelderland, in the eastern part of the Netherlands. It is known for its rich history, beautiful parks, and lively nightlife. With a population of over 160,000 people, Arnhem is the fifth-largest city in the province of Gelderland.

Arnhem's night lights are an integral part of the city's identity. They add to the vibrant atmosphere of the city and make it a popular tourist destination. However, the city's night lights also contribute to light pollution, which has become a growing concern in recent years.

Light pollution is the excessive or misdirected artificial light that affects the natural darkness of the night sky. It can have negative effects on wildlife, human health, and astronomical observations. In Arnhem, light pollution is estimated to be around 20.45 lux, which is considered moderate.

There are several factors that contribute to the light pollution in Arnhem. One of the main contributors is the city's street lighting. Arnhem has over 20,000 streetlights, which are essential for public safety but also add to the light pollution. The streetlights are generally high-pressure sodium lamps, which emit a yellowish-orange light that can be seen from far away.

Another factor that contributes to the light pollution in Arnhem is the city's industrial activities. Arnhem is home to several industrial sites, including chemical plants and factories. These facilities use bright lights to illuminate their premises, which can be seen from a distance and contribute to the city's overall light pollution.

Despite these factors, there are also several measures in place to reduce light pollution in Arnhem. For example, the city has been replacing its streetlights with LED lights, which are more energy-efficient and emit less light pollution. Additionally, some industrial facilities have installed shielding on their lights to reduce their impact on the surrounding environment.

Arnhem is also known for its landmarks, which are illuminated at night and contribute to the city's overall night lights. One of the most famous landmarks is the John Frost Bridge, which is a World War II monument that spans the Rhine River. The bridge is illuminated at night, creating a striking contrast against the dark sky.

Another landmark that adds to Arnhem's night lights is the Eusebius Church. The church is one of the tallest buildings in the city and has a unique light system that illuminates the tower at night. The light system changes color depending on the time of year or special events, such as the World Cup or Pride.

In addition to these landmarks, Arnhem's nightlife also contributes to the city's night lights. The city has a vibrant bar and club scene, with many establishments staying open until the early hours of the morning. The bars and clubs use neon lights and other illuminated signs to attract customers, adding to the city's overall night lights.

Overall, Arnhem's night lights are a defining characteristic of the city. They contribute to the city's vibrant atmosphere and make it a popular tourist destination. However, the city's light pollution is a growing concern that needs to be addressed. With measures in place to reduce light pollution and the city's commitment to sustainable practices, Arnhem is working towards a brighter, more sustainable future.