Night Earth

Arbil, Erbil, Iraq

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Erbil, also known as Arbil or Irbil, is the capital city of the Kurdistan Region in northern Iraq. With a population of approximately 1.5 million inhabitants, it is one of the largest cities in Iraq. Erbil has a rich history that dates back to at least 2300 BC and is known for its ancient citadel, which has been a UNESCO World Heritage site since 2014.

At night, Erbil is a stunning sight, with a multitude of lights illuminating the city. The city's skyline is dotted with towering skyscrapers, including the Empire World Tower, the fifth tallest building in Iraq, and the iconic Erbil International Hotel. Other notable landmarks include the historic bazaar, which has been a center of commerce for centuries, and the Sami Abdul-Rahman Park, which offers panoramic views of the city.

However, despite its beauty, Erbil is plagued by light pollution, which is caused by the city's rapid development and the increasing use of artificial lighting. Light pollution refers to the excessive or misdirected use of artificial light, which can have negative effects on human health and the environment. In Erbil, light pollution is estimated to be at a moderate to high level, as the city's brightness can be seen from space.

Several factors contribute to Erbil's light pollution. One major factor is the city's growing population, which has led to an increase in demand for electricity and lighting. The city's commercial and industrial sectors also contribute to light pollution, as businesses and factories require artificial lighting for their operations. Additionally, many of Erbil's residents have a habit of leaving their lights on throughout the night, even when they are not needed.

Despite the negative effects of light pollution, the people of Erbil continue to use artificial lighting to illuminate their city. This is partly due to the city's rapid development, which has brought about a need for increased security and visibility. Many businesses and residential areas have installed bright security lights to deter crime and improve safety. However, this has led to a situation where the city is always brightly lit, even during the night.

Erbil is a city with a rich history and a vibrant culture, but it is also plagued by light pollution. Despite the city's efforts to improve its infrastructure and increase its visibility, the excessive use of artificial lighting has negative effects on human health and the environment. While it is important to ensure the safety and security of Erbil's residents, it is equally important to find ways to reduce light pollution and preserve the beauty of the city at night.