Night Earth

Anantnag, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Anantnag is a city located in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. With a population of over 108,000, it is the third-largest city in the Kashmir Valley. Anantnag is known for its rich cultural heritage, historic landmarks, and natural beauty. However, like many cities, Anantnag is affected by light pollution.

Light pollution is the excessive or misdirected artificial light that disturbs the natural darkness of the night sky. It is a growing problem worldwide, and its effects on the environment, human health, and wildlife have become a significant concern. In Anantnag, light pollution is primarily caused by streetlights, commercial and industrial lighting, and residential lighting.

The level of light pollution in Anantnag is estimated to be moderate to high. This means that the skyglow is visible even in urban areas, and the Milky Way is barely visible. The brightness of the city's night sky can impact the circadian rhythms of humans and animals and lead to a range of health issues. Additionally, it can interfere with astronomical observations and affect the behavior of nocturnal animals, including birds, insects, and sea turtles.

Anantnag is a city with a rich history and culture. It is home to several important landmarks, including the Martand Sun Temple, a historic Hindu temple built-in 8th century AD. The temple is an architectural masterpiece and a popular tourist destination. Additionally, the city is known for its local handicrafts, particularly Kashmiri shawls, carpets, and woodwork. The people of Anantnag are known for their warm hospitality, and the city is known for its delicious cuisine, particularly its mutton-based dishes.

The habits of the people living in Anantnag also play a significant role in light pollution. Like many cities in India, Anantnag has a significant population of night owls. The city has a vibrant nightlife, with many shops and restaurants staying open late into the night. Additionally, many people in the city leave their lights on all night, leading to unnecessary energy consumption and increased light pollution.

The industry in Anantnag is mainly focused on agriculture and handicrafts. The city is known for its production of saffron, which is a highly valued spice worldwide. Additionally, the city is home to several small and medium-sized industries producing shawls, carpets, and other handicrafts. The industry in Anantnag has been affected by the ongoing conflict in the region, which has led to a decline in tourism and economic growth.

Anantnag is a city with a rich cultural heritage and natural beauty. However, it is also affected by light pollution, which is primarily caused by streetlights, commercial and residential lighting. The level of light pollution in Anantnag is estimated to be moderate to high, which can impact human health and wildlife behavior. The habits of the people living in the city, such as leaving lights on all night, contribute to the problem. The city's industry is focused on agriculture and handicrafts and has been affected by the ongoing conflict in the region.