Night Earth

Al Khums, Murqub, Libya

Al Khums is a city located in the Murqub district of Libya, with an estimated population of around 200,000 inhabitants. Known for its beautiful beaches and historical landmarks, Al Khums is also a hub for various industries including fishing, agriculture, and oil production.

One of the most prominent features of Al Khums is its night lights. The city is well-lit during the night, with numerous streetlights and buildings contributing to the overall illumination. However, this also means that the city experiences a significant amount of light pollution.

Light pollution refers to the excessive and inappropriate artificial light that interferes with natural light sources such as stars and moonlight. It can have negative effects on human health, wildlife, and the environment. According to the World Atlas of Artificial Night Sky Brightness, Al Khums is categorized as a "moderately bright" area with a light pollution level of 17.04 to 19.31 magnitudes per square arcsecond.

Several factors contribute to the amount of light pollution in Al Khums. One of the primary reasons is the high usage of outdoor lighting, including streetlights, building lights, and parking lot lights. These lights are often left on throughout the night, contributing to the overall brightness of the city.

Another contributing factor is the city's proximity to the Mediterranean Sea, which reflects and amplifies the light from the city. Additionally, the presence of oil refineries and other industries can also contribute to the amount of light pollution in the area.

Despite the presence of light pollution, Al Khums remains a popular tourist destination. The city boasts several historical landmarks, including the ancient city of Leptis Magna, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Other notable landmarks include the Al Khums Clock Tower and the Al Khums Martyrs' Museum.

In terms of daily habits, the people of Al Khums typically adhere to traditional Islamic practices, with many shops and businesses closing during prayer times. The city is also known for its thriving fishing industry, with many residents working as fishermen or in related industries.

Al Khums is a vibrant city with a rich history and a thriving economy. However, the excessive use of artificial lighting contributes to the city's light pollution levels, which can have negative effects on the environment and human health. Despite this, Al Khums remains a popular destination for tourists and a hub for various industries, making it an important part of Libya's cultural and economic landscape.