Night Earth

Al Jadid, Sabha, Libya

Al Jadid, Sabha is a city located in the Sabha district in southern Libya. With an estimated population of around 130,000 inhabitants, it is considered one of the largest cities in the Fezzan region. The city's night lights are a sight to behold, and they are mainly produced by various sources such as streetlights, residential and commercial buildings, and other forms of artificial lighting. Unfortunately, these lights also contribute to light pollution, which affects both the city's environment and the health of its inhabitants.

The amount of light pollution in Al Jadid is relatively high due to the number of light sources in the city. The night lights in Al Jadid are estimated to produce around 77,000 lumens per square meter, which is considered high for a city of its size. The high levels of light pollution in Al Jadid have several negative impacts on the city's environment. One of the most significant impacts is the effect on the natural ecosystem. Light pollution can disrupt the breeding cycles of nocturnal animals and migratory birds, leading to a decline in their populations. It can also affect the behavior of insects, such as moths, which are drawn to the light and can interfere with pollination.

The light pollution in Al Jadid is also a concern for human health. Exposure to artificial light at night can disrupt the body's circadian rhythm, leading to sleep disorders and other health problems such as obesity and diabetes. It can also cause eye strain, headaches, and other vision-related problems, particularly in children.

Despite the negative impacts of light pollution, the night lights in Al Jadid are a source of pride for the city's inhabitants. The city is known for its vibrant nightlife, and its residents often stay up late, socializing and enjoying the city's many attractions. Some of the most popular landmarks in Al Jadid include the Sabha Castle, which was built in the 19th century and is now a museum, and the El-Hajar Mosque, which dates back to the 12th century and is one of the oldest mosques in Libya.

The people of Al Jadid have a unique culture and way of life that is deeply rooted in the city's history and traditions. Many of the city's inhabitants are nomadic or semi-nomadic, and they rely on agriculture and animal husbandry for their livelihoods. The city is also known for its textiles, particularly its carpets, which are handwoven by local artisans using traditional techniques.

In terms of industry, Al Jadid is a major hub for transportation and logistics. The city is located at the crossroads of several major highways and is an important transit point for goods and people traveling between northern and southern Libya. The city is also home to several government institutions, including the Sabha University and the Sabha International Airport.

Al Jadid, Sabha is a vibrant city with a rich cultural heritage and a unique way of life. However, its night lights contribute to light pollution, which has several negative impacts on the environment and human health. It is essential for the city's authorities to take measures to reduce light pollution while preserving the city's cultural and economic vitality.