Night Earth

Al-Jubayl, Eastern, Saudi Arabia

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Al-Jubayl, also known as Jubail, is a rapidly growing city located in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia, on the Arabian Gulf coast. With a population of over 340,000 people, it is considered one of the most industrialized cities in the region, with its economy largely driven by petrochemicals, manufacturing, and construction. It is also a popular destination for tourists, with a number of landmarks and attractions to visit.

One of the most striking features of Al-Jubayl is its impressive night lights, which create a stunning view for residents and visitors alike. However, this beauty comes with a cost, as the city suffers from light pollution, caused by the excessive use of artificial lighting in the area. Light pollution is a form of environmental pollution that can have negative effects on the natural ecosystem and can lead to health problems for humans.

The main cause of light pollution in Al-Jubayl is the large number of industrial plants and factories that operate 24/7. These plants rely heavily on artificial lighting to keep their operations running smoothly and safely, which creates a significant amount of light pollution. Additionally, the city's infrastructure and buildings are also highly illuminated, with streetlights and building lights adding to the overall light pollution.

Despite the negative impact of light pollution, many of the residents of Al-Jubayl are accustomed to the bright lights and consider it a part of the city's identity. The city's industrial nature and the constant activity of the factories make it a unique and dynamic place to live, work, and visit. Tourists come to see the city's landmarks, such as the Al-Jubayl Industrial City, which is one of the largest industrial complexes in the world.

Despite the focus on industry, there are still places where the night sky can be seen clearly. For example, there is a park near the corniche where visitors can enjoy the beautiful view of the Gulf waters and the stars above. However, these places are few and far between, as the bright lights of the city can be seen from almost everywhere.

The level of light pollution in Al-Jubayl is estimated to be moderately high, with the artificial lights creating a significant amount of brightness. According to recent studies, the brightness of the night sky in Al-Jubayl is approximately 20 times brighter than a natural night sky. This level of light pollution can have negative effects on wildlife, disrupting their natural patterns of behavior and migration.

Al-Jubayl is a unique and dynamic city in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia, with a bustling industrial economy and a population of over 340,000 people. While the bright lights of the city create a stunning view at night, they also create a significant amount of light pollution. This pollution is mainly caused by the city's industrial plants and factories, as well as its infrastructure and buildings. Despite the negative effects of light pollution, many of the residents of Al-Jubayl consider it a part of the city's identity, and tourists visit the city to see its landmarks and attractions.