Al-Fayyum, also known as Faiyum, is a city located in the Faiyum Governorate of Egypt. It is situated approximately 130 kilometers southwest of Cairo and has a population of around 3.5 million people. The city is named after its large oasis, which is fed by the Nile River and is known for its rich agricultural production, including crops such as cotton, wheat, and fruit.
When it comes to night lights, Al-Fayyum is a relatively well-lit city with moderate light pollution levels. The majority of the light pollution comes from streetlights and residential buildings, but there are also some industrial areas that contribute to the overall light pollution.
One of the most prominent landmarks in Al-Fayyum is the Pyramid of Hawara, an ancient Egyptian pyramid that dates back to the 12th dynasty. The pyramid is located about 9 kilometers south of the city and is a popular tourist attraction, especially at night when it is lit up by floodlights. The pyramid's lights are relatively bright and contribute to the overall light pollution in the area.
Another notable landmark in Al-Fayyum is the Qarun Lake, a large saltwater lake that is located to the west of the city. The lake is surrounded by agricultural land and is a popular spot for fishing and boating. At night, the lake is relatively dark, and there are only a few lights from nearby villages and resorts.
In terms of habits of the people living in Al-Fayyum, it is common for residents to stay up late into the night, especially during the summer months when temperatures can be high during the day. Many people enjoy socializing and spending time with family and friends at night, which can contribute to the overall light pollution levels in residential areas.
Industry also plays a role in the light pollution levels in Al-Fayyum. The city is home to several factories and industrial areas that operate 24/7, and their bright lights can be seen from miles away. Additionally, there are some commercial areas in the city that stay open late into the night, such as restaurants and cafes, which contribute to the overall light pollution levels.
Overall, the estimated light pollution levels in Al-Fayyum are moderate, with an approximate sky brightness of 20.5 mag/arcsec2. This is comparable to other cities in Egypt, such as Alexandria and Cairo. However, the city does have some areas that are relatively dark, such as the Qarun Lake and some of the rural areas surrounding the city.
Al-Fayyum is a bustling city in Egypt with a rich history and culture. While it does have moderate levels of light pollution, there are still areas of relative darkness that offer opportunities for stargazing and other nighttime activities.