Aktobe is a city located in the western region of Kazakhstan, situated on the banks of the Ilek River. It is the administrative center of Aktobe Region, and one of the major industrial, cultural and educational centers in the country. The city has a population of around 400,000 people, making it the fifth largest city in Kazakhstan.
One of the most striking features of Aktobe is its night lights, which illuminate the cityscape and create a stunning visual spectacle. The city is characterized by a wide range of lights, including streetlights, building lights, and neon lights. The most prominent landmarks in the city include the Central Mosque, the Independence Square, the Regional Akimat, the Aktobe Hotel, and the Gani Muratbayev Stadium, all of which are illuminated at night.
However, Aktobe is also characterized by a high level of light pollution, which affects the quality of life of its inhabitants and the surrounding environment. The city's light pollution is estimated to be at a level of around 60 lux, which is considered moderate to high. This is due to several factors, including the use of inefficient lighting systems, the lack of light control measures, and the increasing urbanization of the city.
One of the main sources of light pollution in Aktobe is street lighting. The city has an extensive network of streetlights that are designed to provide safety and visibility to motorists and pedestrians. However, many of these lights are inefficient, using outdated technology such as incandescent bulbs or low-pressure sodium lamps, which emit a large amount of light in the blue and yellow parts of the spectrum. These types of light are known to be particularly harmful to wildlife, including birds and insects.
Another factor that contributes to Aktobe's light pollution is the habits of its inhabitants. Many people in the city leave their lights on overnight, even when they are not in use. This is due to a lack of awareness of the impact of light pollution on the environment and the cost of energy. As a result, the city's energy consumption is higher than it needs to be, and its light pollution is more severe.
Finally, the city's industrial sector also contributes to its light pollution. Aktobe is home to several large factories and industrial plants, which use high-intensity lighting systems to operate at night. These lights can be seen from a great distance and are a significant source of light pollution.
Aktobe is a city with a vibrant and visually stunning night life, but its high level of light pollution is a significant issue that needs to be addressed. The city's inhabitants, businesses, and local authorities must work together to develop effective strategies to reduce light pollution, such as the use of energy-efficient lighting systems, light control measures, and awareness-raising campaigns. By doing so, Aktobe can maintain its beauty while also protecting the environment and the health and wellbeing of its residents.